1. march 2019
Feast of the saint on the 6th of May.
His name is of Hebrew origin and means "where the father is" or "persecuted by the evil spirit," and is the main character of the Old Testament book of the same name. Job, without regard to the book, praises as a righteous man (Ez 14: 14-20) and as an example of patience (Tob 2:15, 5:11). Job was not Hebrew. He lived around 2000 to 1500 BC. His country of origin is Uz (Job 1.1, Nos. 4,21), placed among the sons of the East (Job 1,3) and the described social conditions, point to the area southwest of the Dead Sea during the time of the patriarchs. Job's integrity and the fact that he proved himself in disasters was known and valued by the Jews.
In Russia, ten temples are dedicated to him.
THE BOOK OF JOB – THE PROLOGUE
There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil. And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters. His substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a very great household; so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the east. And his sons went and feasted in their houses, every one his day; and sent and called for their three sisters to eat and to drink with them. And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually. Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan came also among them. And the Lord said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the Lord, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. And the Lord said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? Then Satan answered the Lord, and said, Doth Job fear God for nought? Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land. But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face. And the Lord said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the Lord. And there was a day when his sons and his daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's house: And there came a messenger unto Job, and said, The oxen were plowing, and the asses feeding beside them: And the Sabeans fell upon them, and took them away; yea, they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The fire of God is fallen from heaven, and hath burned up the sheep, and the servants, and consumed them; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The Chaldeans made out three bands, and fell upon the camels, and have carried them away, yea, and slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, Thy sons and thy daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's house: And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped. And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord. In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly.
THE DESCRIPTION OF THE ICON
The icon "Forefather JOB the Righteous" is a depiction of the main character of the biblical story about a just man. The center of the icon presents the face of a man in a gold nimbus with a richly decorated crown on his head, a symbol of royal dignity, grandeur and victory over evil and death. The crown on the head indicates glory, honor, and joy. Pearls and gems are a sign of the fullness of power and wisdom. God grants honor to Job for his fidelity and righteous and truthful attitude. God gives him a share in His perfection and holiness. The golden nimbus represents the light of God and the brightness of His glory.
Job's face is lined with a dense beard and curly hair. These were considered a symbol of mysterious spiritual power. Carefully grown and trimmed beard testifies to the wisdom and gratitude of this man. His eyes emanate indelible tranquility, and in the lines on his face, one can read the deep experience of pain, anguish, and humiliation. His lips are firmly pressed against each other as if it meant a decision to guard his tongue and stand in the silence of his heart before the Lord, the only one and the sovereign. The undergarment is of royal red color, beautifully decorated with pearls and precious stones. On her shoulders, he wears a green overcoat, a symbol of spiritual victory and rebirth. The background of the icon is also in the shade of the green color that complements the meaning of this biblical figure, which is the spiritual struggle and the hope in God during the time of suffering. The golden frame symbolically places Job into Heavenly Jerusalem.
The author of the book shows, through the figure of Job, that the answer to the question of suffering cannot be obtained without a violent struggle of faith. Job has this struggle on several fronts: First, against the Satan´s denunciation from the not disinterested Faith, which conditions the service for God by the richness of God's gifts, and also against his wife, who leads him to turn away from such God: "Otherwise, it is better to go against God and die." (Job´s wife). And against the notion of suffering as a punishment for special personal guilt, which of three different positions is defended Job's friends.
The author tried to describe the uniqueness of Job's faith struggle, which Job had to fight through the moment of deepest despair for new hopes, from emphasizing his own righteousness to humble humility before God. He seems to be stagnating with no progress, but in reality, he depicts a deep psychological insight, perceptively thoughtful and showing how the struggle of faith cannot be won once and for all.
Despite all the doubts and pains that are coming back and again and seem as if at times Job is falling to the point of absolute despair, Job fights to maintain the communion with God. He does not doubt God's power, goodness, and sovereignty. He is convinced that not even death does not permanently remove the man from God. The grave can only be a temporary shelter in which the Almighty hides and preserves his faithful for eternal life. God is alive and therefore the God of the living; death has no last word. Job gradually releases from all earthly hopes and finds a firmer sanctuary in God. It is an inalienable certainty that only God is the witness of Job´s righteousness. What matters on human misconception and denunciation? The darkness will not swallow Job, because God has not forsaken him; Job will not face the horror of death. He received God in the spirit of the Old Testament so personally and immediately that he spoke with him as almost equal to the equal, disputed with Him, asked for clarification from Him, defended his opinion, but his struggle remained a Jacob struggle. He remained with Him abandoned and with his pain, exposed to misinterpretation of those who had previously been his friends; but he kept faithful to God, though he did not understand him. The Book of Job refuses to understand suffering only as a punishment for special personal guilt; sees it in relation to the general guilt of the fallen creature and shows the way of salvation.
Tropar, 1. voice: When the enemy all righteousness saw Job´s spiritual abundance, he decided to steal it from him. * He broke his body, but he could not take the spiritual treasure. * He recognized that the soul of the righteous was well fortified. But he robbed me and stripped off the innocence. * Lord, help me before the end is over. * Get rid of the deeds of hell, Savior, and save me.
Kondak, 8. voice: You were honorable, righteous, God-fearing * and holy friend of God, Job. * The whole world admires you * for your brave patience.