5. october 2020
The icon depicts Jesus Christ as a twelve-year-old boy by his shoulders, with an emphasis on facial expression. The high forehead signifies the wisdom and depth of knowledge that Christ had as the Son of God, as confirmed by the words of the Gospel of Saint Luke: "And the child grew and became strong; he was filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was on him." (Luke 2:40). His wisdom is further pointed out by Saint Evangelist Luke: "After three days they found him in the temple courts, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. Everyone who heard him was amazed at his understanding and his answers. When his parents saw him, they were astonished. His mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us like this? Your father and I have been anxiously searching for you.” “Why were you searching for me?” he asked. “Didn’t you know I had to be in my Father’s house?” But they did not understand what he was saying to them." (Luke 2:46-50).
Around his head, Christ has a blue aureole illuminated by rays of light at regular intervals. The shading of the rays gives the impression that light is coming from Him. Even the clear gaze and white face of Emanuel amplify this impression of the word in the image when He Himself said, "I am the light of the world. He who follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life." (John 8:12)
The under garment is golden-yellow in color with gold edging around the neck and a sign of priestly power on the right shoulder. Gold and yellow symbolize God's glory and supernatural light, as well as the noble origins of the Son of God, together with the carefully groomed short hair. The chiton (under grarment) has a himation, a blue mantle in paler and darker shades, draped over the left shoulder. This color also forms the background of the icon. Semantically, it confirms the mystery of God's Word incarnated among men and transcends all earthly things.
In the background and in the aureole is a text that marks the Greek initials of the name IC XC (Greek Ιησούς Χριστός, Slovak Isus Christos) and further in lines the Word, the Only Begotten, the Son of God, the Almighty, God Emanuel.
The text at the bottom of the icon, which is also part of the liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom and Saint Basil the Great, according to general tradition, comes from the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I (527 - 565), which is also confirmed by the Byzantine historian Theophanes. This hymn arose as a response of the church to the two heresies of the time, namely Nestorianism and monophysitism, which did not recognize the two natures of Jesus Christ.
Единородный Сыне и Слове Божий, Безсмертен Сый, и изволивый спасения нашего ради воплотитися от Святыя Богородицы и Приснодевы Марии, непреложно вочеловечивыйся; распныйся же Христе Боже, смертию смерть поправый, един Сый Святыя Троицы, спрославляемый Отцу и Святому Духу, спаси нас.
Translation into English:
The Only-begotten Son and the Word of God, immortal, and yet for our salvation you have received the body of the Holy Virgin and always Virgin Mary, and without changing your deity you have become man. You have suffered the cross, Christ God, you have overcome death with death. As one in the Holy Trinity, equal in glory to the Father and to the Holy Spirit, save us.