2. april 2020
The theme of the icon has its textual justification in each of the four Gospels (Luke 19:36-40; Matthew 21:6-14; Mark 11:7-10; John 12:12-15).
The iconography expresses the solemn arrival of the Son of God in the royal city. At the center of the icon is Christ sitting on a donkey. His head is turned to the multitude of apostles who follow him to Jerusalem. He moves his right hand to bless those who meet him. The disciples of the Lord are portrayed preplexed as if they were arguing among themselves. They do not understand why the Savior so solemnly enters the city. Only later do they realize that the prophecy of Zechariah concerning the Messiah must be fulfilled: “See, your king comes to you, righteous and victorious, lowly and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey” (Zechariah 9:9).
There are Jews in the gate, esteemed inhabitants of the city. In solemn robes and with palm branches in their hands, they welcome the king who had resurrected Lazarus the day before. In ancient Israel, the palm twig was a symbol of fun, victory, joy. With it, the Jews welcomed noble people or victorious commanders. On the icon, the Jews salute Christ as the one who defeated death and will defeat even the hated oppressors.
Christ is the centerpiece of the whole composition, from which all the details receive their own meaning. He is the Son of God. Around his head he has a cross nimbus with the Greek letters omega, omicron and nu indicating his divine nature, because he has a name revealed to Moses: "I am who I am." He whose throne is heaven and footstool is the earth. Above the nimbus, on the sides, are the initials of the name Isus Christos "IC XC". At the top of the icon there is an inscription in Old Church Slavonic language, "Obraz Vchod vo Jerusalim".
Children are an equal part of the procession when they meet the Messiah. You can see the character of the boy, written at the bottom of the icon, spread out a colorful garment in front of a walking donkey. He is dressed in a white tunic meaning innocence and purity. The Jews put the garment on him that was anointed to the king. In the icon, this story is associated with the fact that Christ is anointed for the kingdom of God.
The bottom robes of Christ, the cloak of the apostles and one of the Pharisees, are pink in color, symbolizing the joy, uniqueness of the whole situation and the mission of the Son of God. This is the last time the crowds celebrate Jesus before his trip to Golgotha.
The upper mantle of Christ is dark blue, richly gilded. Dark blue is the color of the mystical mystery of the Incarnation. Gold is the color of God's glory, of God's brightness and confirms the Redeemer's Godly Essence.
The hill towering over the apostles and the city behind the gates are prophetic in this context. The hill is the Mount of Olives, soaring to the heavens. With the darkness of its caves, it is a place of human anxiety of the Son of God, but also a place of return to the Father in the ascension. Mount Tabor is also a mountain, where he showed himself in his glory and where the voice of the Father sounded in the cloud: "This is my beloved Son, listen to Him!" (Mark 9:7)
The city of Jerusalem offers a sharp contrast to the surroundings. The architecture is rich and varied. It seems as if it had a share in the joy and glory of the parade. For God himself promised to be present in this city. The space between the city and the hill is filled with a richly branched palm tree. It reminds of the tree of Zacchaeus, a symbol of his spiritual thirst and the spiritual thirst of all mankind. Its white-blue color and shape evokes the impression of a gushing spring of refreshing water.
THE SPIRITUAL HERITAGE
Surely God is my salvation; I will trust and not be afraid. The Lor, the Lord himself, is my strength and my defense; he has become my salvation.” With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation. In that day you will say: “Give praise to the Lord, proclaim his name; make known among the nations what he has done, and proclaim that his name is exalted. Sing to the Lord, for he has done glorious things; let this be known to all the world. Shout aloud and sing for joy, people of Zion, for great is the Holy One of Israel among you.”
Икона «Вход Господень в Иерусалим», in Православный портал https://omolitvah.ru/ikony/https://omolitvah.ru/ikony/ikona-vhod-gospoden-v-ierusalim/
Stano Gábor, Kvetná nedeľa – Pánov vchod do Jeruzalema, in https://grkatba.sk/kvetna-nedela-panov-vchod-do-jeruzalema/
Икона Вход Господень в Иерусалим in https://foma.ru/ikona-vhod-gospoden-v-ierusalim.html
Egon Sendler,Tajomstvá Krista. Ikony veľkých Pánových sviatkov, preklad Tatiana Tosecká a Marcel Gajdoš, Oto Németh, Bratislava, 2008
Feast: Palm Sunday (Sunday before Pascha)
Prayer tradition: The glorious entry of the Lord into Jerusalem marked the end of his earthly life. Therefore, the prayer should be a celebration and thanksgiving for his coming into this world, sacrificing himself for the salvation of men and reconciling man to the Father.